2018-10-01 / Features

What's Up Downtown?

Somewhere between the restaurant closings and the construction cranes, downtown State College is shifting into a new version of its former self. What that means for retail, residents and the arts and culture scene here will be coming into focus over the next few years. But two things are already clear:  There will be a lot of empty spaces to fill and a wealth of innovative ideas to launch.

Open for Business

Can downtown State College find enough companies to fill nearly five football fields worth of new commercial space in addition to the regular turnover of tenants in existing buildings that’s apparently business as usual?
By Robyn Passante

It’s been a year of heads turning in startled dismay as people walk down College Avenue and realize that yet another State College staple has closed its doors. Spats Café. The Apple Tree. Ye Olde College Diner. Herwig’s Austrian Bistro. Zola Kitchen & Wine Bar — all gone.

At a glance, it feels like it’s been a rough year for restaurants and retail downtown. But Borough of State College employees and others who work downtown say the changes aren’t unusual, or a cause for concern.

“Businesses change and they’ve always changed. So I hate to see any business close, but it’s been a reality that businesses turn over and change,” says Borough Manager Tom Fountaine. The real barometer of the health of the downtown district, Fountaine says, is the length of time commercial spaces stay empty. “Vacancies downtown tend to be very, very short-term.”

At a glance, that seems to be a fair assessment. While the former Spats Café has remained vacant since January, other empty College Avenue storefronts are being filled by new tenants relatively quickly. A Hello Fresh fast-food salad spot is preparing to open where The Diner’s staff once grilled stickies. Pittsburgh-based BRGR, an upscale burger and shakes restaurant and bar, is moving into the former Citizens Bank building. Snap Custom Pizza, a make-your-own pizza place, will open where Herwig’s closed. And the building that housed Zola will be torn down to make way for another 12-story high-rise.

But people need only look left, right and up these days to realize a different kind of change is afoot, bringing not only thousands more residents to the downtown district but more commercial space — way more. Roughly 253,000 square feet of new commercial space is being built and readied for occupancy downtown between the fall of 2016 and the fall of 2021.

Given the current turnover of retail and restaurants in the borough’s existing footprint, that kind of staggering figure begs the question: Can we find enough companies to fill nearly five football fields worth of new commercial space in addition to the regular turnover of tenants in existing buildings that’s apparently business as usual?

“One of the things I spend time thinking about is how do we get more businesses to locate downtown? Part of that comes to having good modern office space. So we are going to get some good modern office space built that can compete with space that’s been built in the townships,” says Ed LeClear, the director of Building & Community Development for the borough. “So the question’s going to be, will the price point work? And I don’t have the answer to that.”

Kandy Weader, who’s in charge of the commercial division of Keystone Real Estate Group, began marketing the second-floor commercial space at The Metropolitan in April and says she had two “serious contenders” for the 17,000 square feet of space in late September, but no leases signed yet. Weader says there’s been a surge in Class A commercial space in town in the last two years. “We’ve always had a strong Class B inventory in our market.”

Class B commercial space is the older variety, buildings that are in decent shape but not quite as new or as nice as Class A. Weader, whose company manages about a million square feet of retail and office space in the greater State College area, says more is better when it comes to brick and mortar opportunities for business owners.

“Choice is always a good thing; it promotes competition. So it encourages owners to be competitive in their pricing, to offer a good product, maybe some extra amenities,” she says. Some owners of the older buildings in town are heeding that advice. “Some are (stepping up), some aren’t. We’ve seen a trend where some owners can get more (in rent) if they did a little to their building, but they’re content. We see that on the retail side too. I think some people don’t realize the opportunity that’s out there.”

LeClear says he believes our aging real estate downtown has been one factor in some businesses struggling to stay afloat, or in spaces remaining empty longer. In many instances, new tenants in older buildings are saddled with the costs of bringing their rented space up to code as well as configured for their needs.

That is in part what happened to Anthym, the College Avenue store that sold upscale athletic shoes and gear from June 2015 to June 2017. Anthym’s founder Ryan Callahan says it was much more expensive just to open the store than they had anticipated.

“Our biggest challenge was getting the store open and approved,” he says. “The age of the building was a piece of it, the fact that the (previous) tenant had been there a long time so the building had to be brought up to code.”

LeClear says borough staff is considering ways to help alleviate such barriers for business owners.
“We have talked in the borough about trying to create a program that would provide some financial help for tenant fit-out of spaces. If you’re a small business that wants to open, most of our landlords will require you to fit that space out at your cost. They might give you some reduction in rent for a time, but it’s usually on you. And so that seems to be a barrier,” he says. “So we’ve been looking at is there a role for the borough to try to break that barrier?”

Callahan admits their business model was flawed for the State College market, but another barrier to Anthym’s success, he says, was the “outsider” mentality they were met with by some in the community — although many businesses and residents did embrace them.

“State College is tricky, and we knew this coming in. But the community is very, very suspicious of outsiders. I don’t think we fully anticipated how difficult it would be to integrate into the community, being an entity from out of town. It felt very much like we were treated like a big chain,” Callahan says. “We were small business owners from Philadelphia, and we worked really hard to hire good people in the community.”

That same wariness of chains like BRGR and Hello Bistro settling into “our” downtown from outside the region, replacing longstanding staples like The Diner, can be seen and heard around town and on social media these days. But Douglas Shontz, the borough’s communications specialist, thinks of such regional chains planting their flags here in a different light.

“This is a destination for these smaller businesses that are looking to expand. It just feels like we’re kind of the growing point for local businesses from Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, because they like the local feel, the local buy-in and they see the passion our residents have,” he says.

There’s also something to be said for the turnover of the student population when it comes to how quickly new businesses can become “old” favorites. “Maybe Snap Custom Pizza becomes a tradition in downtown State College. Maybe BRGR becomes a tradition in downtown State College,” Shontz says. “These new students now, that’s gonna be their local place when they come back to visit State College in the future.”

Downtown State College Improvement District executive director Rob Schmidt is hoping those students don’t come back just to visit — he wants them to stay.

“State College has always been viewed as a great place to go to college, and to raise a family. So those in between years, that becomes tough. But recent population trends suggest that there are more young adults here,” says Schmidt, citing Centre County population data compiled by Environics Analytics.

“There are more entrepreneurship opportunities, you’re seeing more people involved in some startups. So keeping downtown attractive and unique for that group is important.”

LeClear sees the same potential, thanks to endeavors like Happy Valley LaunchBox, New Leaf Initiative and Invent Penn State — and now as much commercial space as any entrepreneur can dream of is going up to suit their hopefully growing needs.

“My hope is that all of these startups we’re working so hard to foster will need office space, will want to stay in the borough, and that we’re creating that space and it’ll be in a price point that they can afford,” LeClear says. “That’s my hope.” •SCM

Rise at State College:
578 beds
24,800 square feet of commercial space
131 Heister (Hillel Center):
55,000 square feet of commercial space total
Roughly 26,000 square feet for the Hillel Center
The Edge:
160 beds
16,300 square feet of office and retail space
The Icon (Pugh Centre):
275 beds
6,000 square feet of commercial space

Fraser Centre:
165 hotel keys, 26 condominium residences
55,000 square feet of commercial space
The Residences at College and Atherton (The Standard):
745 beds
48,400 square feet of commercial space
The Metropolitan:
539 beds
47,900 square feet of commercial space

Centered on Art

Local government looks to pair with area influencers to create a cultural arts district
By Robyn Passante

If you’re a supporter of the arts and culture scene in State College, you’ve no doubt caught a show at The State Theatre, wandered through Woskob Family Gallery to take in one of its provocative exhibits, or at least stopped to admire some of downtown’s many works of public art.

But have you been to Drag Bingo or taken tango lessons at Webster’s Bookstore Cafe? Did you know there is an art gallery inside Webster’s that showcases a different artist every month? Have you dialed up a poem in the telepoem booth in its new digs at The Makery? Have you heard of the experimental Open Music Series, or listened to The Moth-style storytelling in The Attic?

“There’s always something occurring in little places downtown that we view as part of this deep ecosystem of arts and culture,” says Borough Manager Tom Fountaine.

Now after several years of talking about the possibilities, borough staff is eager to work with other community leaders to enhance that ecosystem through the creation of an official cultural arts district downtown.

“There’s a variety of cultural arts activity and venues and things going on … so this is really about enhancing that and attempting to bring more cohesion to the whole district and create a vibrant cultural arts area,” Fountaine says. “I think a lot of it is making sure community members are aware of it, and creating more opportunities for partnerships and adding to what’s already there.”   

It’s an initiative whose mission and structure are still largely undefined — but it might soon have a physical space from which to grow.

“We’re in the process of working with Molly [Kunkel, executive director of Centre Foundation] to come to an agreement on a space in the Pugh Street garage to have an Arts and Innovation Center,” Fountaine says. “We clearly see that as part of this. Molly and the Centre Foundation have been part of this conversation for the past year, so that’s a key element of having local involvement.”

Kunkel, though reluctant to celebrate such a milestone for the area before a space is absolutely secured, is excited about the prospect of artists and innovators having access to new downtown digs for performances, classes, discussions and more.

“I’ve been watching that Pugh Street space and talking to the borough for a couple years,” she says of the borough-owned Beaver Avenue-facing square footage that housed Gift Adventures for many years and was most recently occupied by the Rise at State College leasing office. “It has windows, outdoor seating, it’s right on a corner, it’s in a parking garage so it’s easy for people to park. It just felt like the perfect space for something cool to happen downtown.”

That “something cool” would most likely be funded in part by the Knight Foundation and include the new group Trailhead, whose guides could help man the space during regular hours, connecting people to events and opportunities that suit their interests and ideas.

“What will likely happen is Trailhead will take the front of the space, be the one to host it, welcome people, connect issues and resources in town to people who have the energy and ideas to make something happen,” says Trailhead founder Spud Marshall. “That’s a critical juncture that’s not being filled.”

Kunkel says she envisions the space also being used to exhibit artworks, hold art classes, performances and other types of events that bring people together.

“There’s just such a need from so many different players in the small audience art scene. There are a lot of artists, musicians, poets, actors and actresses, people doing improv, and artists that want to create and are doing really innovative things but don’t have a way to get the word out or do that,” she says.

“This would be sort of a community gathering space that focuses on the arts but isn’t just purely about the arts. There’s a lot of energy in town and there’s nowhere to gather and enhance that energy. So I’m hoping we can make this happen.”

Jeff Brown and Elaine Meder Wilgus in the Next Stage Theatre Company’s production of "The Price."Jeff Brown and Elaine Meder Wilgus in the Next Stage Theatre Company’s production of "The Price."Beyond a physical space, Fountaine and borough communications specialist Douglas Shontz are working on bringing together influencers in the arts and downtown scene, including representatives from Centre Foundation, the Art Alliance of Central Pennsylvania, the Central Pennsylvania Visitors and Convention Bureau and the Downtown State College Improvement District, to hammer out a common vision for the cultural arts district. Should it be a physical district, an official nonprofit organization, a pilot program? Should it be run by a committee of volunteers, or should the groups fund a full-time manager to oversee the collaboration and amplification of things happening downtown?

“I think it’s a blue sky thing. There’s a whole bunch of things that could happen as a result of these conversations,” Fountaine says. “I think a lot of arts and culture and all of that activity is organic and it needs to be organic. It’s not something that ought to have a stamp of approval from the municipal government. But we see we have a role in trying to convene a group to try to enhance what’s already here.”

Kunkel sees a similar role for herself and Centre Foundation.

“One of our roles in the community is being a convener, I think. We have this unique place to hear what the different nonprofits and artists need, what they’re looking for. And we also know the other side, the donors and what they’d be interested in funding,” she says. •SCM

Good Vibes Start Here

Trailhead is dishing out $1,000 grants and positivity in town
By Robyn Passante

Local entrepreneur Spud Marshall is of the mindset that if you really want something — in your life or in your community — it’s up to you to make it happen. And the latest thing he wanted in this community was a more positive vibe.

And the Winner Is...

September’s $1,000 Awesome Foundation grant winner was artist William Snyder III for his “Wild Geese” mural, a photo illustration of which graces this issue’s cover — along with the artist himself.

Approved to be installed on the side of the building that houses For Men Only, going down the alley toward the side entrance to Webster’s Bookstore Café, the mural was inspired by the poem “Wild Geese” by Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Mary Oliver.

“The poem seemed like a powerful statement. I thought it spoke a lot to just a human need of fitting in, and I think it resonates with a lot of people,” Snyder says. “The bold, bright colors kind of lend themselves to joy and inclusion, rather than the depression of being lonely. It seemed like a universal human message.”

The twist on this public artwork is that Snyder intends for it to be community-produced. He’ll be announcing a date, time and location early this month for volunteers to show up and help him paint the mural onto 60-inch-wide panels of specialty fabric. Then those fabric panels will be installed like wallpaper on the wall to form one colorful 629-square-foot mural.

“I think the role of being a public artist is a delicate balance, placing my thumbprint on things, but getting people who want to be active in town be a part of making their mark.”

To help out with the mural, visit

Got a great idea? Submit it at

“There was a wave when people were really starting to talk negatively about the town. You hear people say ‘I just got sucked into this community, I didn’t expect to be here,’ or ‘There’s nothing here,’ and I was so sick of that,” Marshall says. “I just thought, let’s create an organization that’s entirely positive in focus and, in doing so, hopefully it starts creating things that makes the town a positive place. It’s just a flipped approach, rather than starting from a negative, complaining place; nothing ever is going to build productively from there. So let’s just say that this is an amazing place, and build backwards.”

The initiative for that positive energy is Trailhead, a group of diverse individuals from all facets of State College life who are like-minded in Marshall’s mindset: “This is a great place to be, and we can help you make it even better.”

“It was a matter of finding other people who wanted to own that narrative, and see where it goes,” Marshall says.

Trailhead comprises about 50 Trailhead trustees, who give $100 per month per individual or couple to financially support the organization, and 20 Trailhead guides, who stand ready to support the community by helping make connections in town that will enhance individual residents’ lives and the area as a whole.

The biggest way Trailhead is doing that is through awarding $1,000 Awesome Foundation grants each month to one lucky winner who submits an idea for something they’d like to try in Centre County that will engage the community and bring a smile to residents’ faces. Marshall says about 10 to 15 new ideas are submitted each month, which Trailhead trustees then select using a two-round voting system.
Shelby Caraway was Trailhead’s first grant winner for her idea to build, paint and give away tie-dyed picnic tables to area residents who vowed to use them for neighborhood potlucks and block parties.

“I was reading the book The Art of Neighboring,” she says, “and thinking about how it’s kind of awkward to invite your neighbors into your house, but sharing meals with people are some of the best moments in life. So the idea of picnic tables came to mind.”

Artist William Snyder III was September’s $1,000 grant winner for his idea to add a giant mural on the side of the building that houses Webster’s Bookstore Café.

“I’m always spinning off ideas for murals to try to get things downtown. I like the wild geese concept and I’ve been trying to look for some validity that we want stuff like this downtown,” says Snyder, who also is a Trailhead guide. He says $1,000 won’t cover the entire cost of the mural, “but it was more for the validation that there’s a section of people that desire these kinds of things downtown.”

Spud MarshallSpud MarshallFor months, Trailhead members have been actively looking for a physical space to serve as a gathering point for their group and for welcoming everyone who wants to get connected to events, ideas and other people who share interests in town they care about. That search recently connected them with Centre Foundation’s Molly Kunkel, who happens to be a Trailhead trustee and who has been looking for space downtown through Centre Foundation to dedicate to artists and other innovators in the community. Now a partnership is forming to align both efforts and further amp up the vibe in State College.

In a way, that’s just what Marshall had in mind.

“Rarely are people creatively brainstorming ways to help shape the town. We just get stuck in traditional narratives,” he says. “The strategy (with Trailhead) was ‘Let’s just start building something.’” •SCM

Artistic Overlap

Duo to unveil collaborative new wall installation at downtown gallery
By Maggie Anderson

A lot of people might look at a blank wall and envision some art in the space. But it takes a special eye to see a blank wall and envision an annual installation of rotating contemporary art.

Ann Tarantino, director of the Woskob Family Gallery in the Penn State Downtown Theatre Center, had that vision three years ago when she was asked to head up programming in the revamped space.

“It seems like such a big blank canvas,” she says. “I think when I first saw it it was kind of beat up and had some old screws in it. Because a lot of what we’re interested in doing in the space is community engagement, its street-level use seems like an ideal canvas for contemporary art.”

The inaugural installation by artist Katie Bell went up in October 2016 and stayed there, in its found-material 3D sculpture glory, for a year before Keith Lemley’s neon sculpture took over for the 2017-2018 run.

This month, husband-and-wife artists Joelle Dietrick and Owen Mundy will install their site-specific piece titled “The Speed of Thinking (Penn State).”

“Because it’s new work, I haven’t seen it,” says Tarantino, but the concept is what stood out to the comissioning committee that reviewed more than 100 submissions.

Joelle Dietrick and Owen Mundy, The Speed of Thinking (Germany-Egypt-China-Palestine), 2018. Archival inkjet print on fabric with video projection, 156 x 312 in.Joelle Dietrick and Owen Mundy, The Speed of Thinking (Germany-Egypt-China-Palestine), 2018. Archival inkjet print on fabric with video projection, 156 x 312 in.

The piece is a print with an overlaying projection that will be most visible at night, attracting art lovers on the street like moths to a flame.

“Part of what I’ve been interested in doing with the wall series is hoping to spark interest in more contemporary art and how it might exist in the public realm,” says Tarantino.

In the new piece, geometric forms, which represent shipping containers, will be falling over the print, which includes three posters found in the National Archives of Chile, in the background. The piece is a combination of the two artists’ mediums and foci: the images come from PSU alumna Dietrick’s Fulbright work in seaports in Germany, Chile and Hong Kong, while the data visualization is in Mundy’s wheelhouse.

“They both bring different skill sets into their collaboration,” says Tarantino. “It’s an interesting project for me because it emerges out of a Fulbright, which is about research. How do artists define research, and what does it mean to do research in any arts field? What is exciting about this project is that it’s a creative visualization of that research.”

The artists will install the piece the week leading up to the opening reception on Oct. 18, which also will serve as the reception for the gallery’s fall show, “Rachel Eng: even out.” •SCM

Culture Crawl

Happy Valley henna artist Henna BabeHappy Valley henna artist Henna BabeWe already have First Fridays every month and Pop Up Ave on a special Saturday each season, but Tom Tate saw an opportunity for more downtown engagement on the other weekend day — Sunday.

So in the spring he created the State College Culture Crawl & Festival, a monthly afternoon event that brings more than a dozen vendors from across Pennsylvania to downtown State College, along with live performances and some local business deals, including food and drink discounts at all Hotel State College establishments if patrons mention Culture Crawl.

“The original plan was to help the small businesses downtown gain some business and to help the artists and entertainers get exposure for themselves,” says Tate, former owner of The Branch and The Vine, which closed in August. “Plus there’s free parking on Sundays. So there’s no reason not to go downtown on Sundays!”

The next Culture Crawl is Oct. 7. Vendors or performers wishing to participate can reach out to Tate at •SCM

Living on the Edge

Volunteers raise money for a chance to rappel down Fraser Centre this month
By Kelsey Lentz

By now most have grown accustomed to the imposing height of the 12-story Fraser Centre. But imagine rappelling down its 155-foot facade. On Oct. 11, a group of brave “Edgers” will do just that for Over the Edge, an event that sends volunteers down the side of a building in exchange for donations to a worthy cause. Or in this case, causes.

Interfaith Human Services and Faith Centre have teamed up to host the event in hopes of raising about $40,000 for each of them. Both organizations help low-income families in Centre County and believe an event as grandiose as Over the Edge will help raise more awareness of what they do.

Faith Centre in Bellefonte focuses on providing food to families in need, while IHS provides services such as emergency heating and financial assistance. By combining forces to tackle such an endeavor, the two are amplifying their messages while bringing a unique event to State College.

Over the Edge is a global organization that has held events in communities all over the world, but it was Faith Centre executive director Nicole Summers who wanted to host an Over the Edge event here after seeing one unfold in Harrisburg.

“I’ve ran a marathon and this event has the same amount of excitement, adrenaline and professionalism as a marathon but you don’t have to run 26.2 miles or train for it,” Summers says.

Adrenaline junkies, those who want to beat their fear of heights, or people who just want to contribute to a good cause can raise $1,000 to gain entry to a once-in-a-lifetime experience.

Volunteers are strapped into a harness complete with a walkie-talkie for communicating with the Over the Edge professionals. After receiving rooftop training, participants begin their solo descent over the edge supported by teams on the roof and on the ground. Multiple safety features ensure almost anyone can take the plunge.

That includes 82-year-old Marie Cameron, who is among the highest fund-raisers. Cameron, an IHS board member, says she is rappelling to set an example that anyone can do this no matter how old they are. She says she is most looking forward to screaming the whole way down and helping her fellow community members with the money raised.

“Everyone needs to look out for each other, neighbor to neighbor,” Cameron says. “We need to help one another.”

Interfaith Human Services executive director Wendy Vinhage says they chose Over the Edge as their fundraiser because it is crazy, different and has never been done here before.

“We went with it because you get so much of the community involved and between the volunteers and rappellers, people are going to hear about the work that we do and what Faith Centre does,” Vinhage says. “The hope is that it’s going to drive people to want to support us whether it’s through volunteers or whatever it may be.”

IHS manages the Centre County Fuel Bank, an expensive program, and having extra money will give them a cushion to make sure their programs run smoothly and their clients can stay warm throughout the winter.

The two groups hope to raise $80,000, but should be able to surpass that if all 92 rappelling spots are filled.

“It’s a very different fundraiser in every aspect and it’s going to be very exciting,” Summers says. •SCM

To drop over the edge, or to donate to those who will, visit

Cut with Color

Badger and Hound Barber Company puts a new face on old-school barbering
By Maggie Anderson

If it seems like everything new in downtown is a chain, replacing longstanding businesses with places lacking that certain je ne sais quoi, meet the guys at Badger and Hound Barber Company. They did take over a longstanding business on Pugh Street, it’s true. But Debra Kay Noon’s Barber Shop was gladly handed over to the next generation.

In 2017, barber Eddie Fisher and his apprentice, Cody White, started cutting hair and shaving beards after hours in the Perfect 10 and More Day Spa nail salon on College Avenue.

“We started like a speakeasy,” says Fisher. “We didn’t advertise. We just set up shop. We wanted to see if we could do an old-school, couple of dude barbers thing. It just kind of worked.”

Then earlier this year Fisher went to get his hair cut by Noon — “because I’d never met her” — and she revealed she was thinking about retiring. Fisher mentioned his speakeasy-style barber shop that didn’t have a home of its own, and Noon suddenly had her successor.

“It was kismet,” Fisher says.

Since Badger and Hound Barber Company opened in the Pugh Street space this summer, Fisher and White have greatly expanded their hours and their clientele.

“We’ve got guys from all walks of life,” says Fisher. “We get a lot of women who have short haircuts or want the side of their head shaved. If you have hair, we’re going to cut it.”

It’s a bit different than Fisher’s start in the industry. After graduating from Penn State with a degree in telecommunications, he worked in radio — often at night. During the day, he’d help out at My Beyond Looks to hang out with his then-girlfriend/now-wife Hayley Selego, whose father, Bob Selego, owns the shop.

“I just started being a receptionist and sweeping floors,” says Fisher. “Then I liked it so much that I went to barber school, and I’ve been doing it ever since. It’s one of those things like, I think the universe is telling me to do this.”

If so, the universe made a pretty good bet. Badger and Hound is often fully booked a week out, though you may be able to snag a cancellation spot. And even if you don’t need a haircut, the door is always open. Along with regular barber shop services like “beard trim” and “haircut and shave,” the guys keep punk rock on the speakers, an easygoing conversation in the air and cold beer in the fridge.

“I wanted a place like this when I was in college,” says Fisher, “and I didn’t get it. That’s what I’m trying to do — make a place that I wanted to hang out.”

And being downtown is an important part of that for the “dude barbers.”

“I wasn’t sure (at first) that I wanted to be downtown,” says Fisher. “And then when I got down here I really liked it. When you’re not downtown you can get stuck in a townie vibe and you forget about all the stuff the town has to offer. When you come downtown, you’re like, ‘Oh, right, there’s more to State College.’”

Carsten Lachell, a PharmD at Mount Nittany Medical Center who was getting his second haircut from Badger and Hound after the first was “the best haircut I’ve ever had,” agrees.

“State College is very eclectic,” he says. “You get everything you could want in a medium-sized metropolitan area that’s actually the size of a smaller town. Badger and Hound, you will never find that anywhere else.”

And you don’t find such a helpful, caring community anywhere else, says Fisher. “We wouldn’t have been able to move downtown without Hayley and the crew at My Beyond Looks. Cody and I both started there before we went downtown, and they let us branch out. Nobody gets to take opportunities without the help of people like that.” •SCM

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